Alexander:The Warrior King

Alexander was son of King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia. A clever tactician and successful general. He died fairly young. But even in that short period of time, from his ascension to the throne of Macedonia to this death, he accomplished far more than the biggest of the names in history did in their entire lifetime.

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Some facts we all need to know about Alexander The Great.

1. In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle.

From his first victory at age of 18, Alexander gained a reputation of leading his men to battle with impressive speed. While fighting under the command of his father, to the historical victories against the mighty Persians and many formidable Asian nations and settlements, Alexander truly made a legend for himself.Alexander the Great’s military tactics and strategies are still studied in military academies today.

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2. He named more than 70 cities after himself—and one after his horse.

Alexander marked his conquests by founding dozens of cities after his name.Alexandria is a city in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great.The most famous of these, founded at the mouth of the Nile in 331 B.C., is today Egypt’s second-largest city. Other Alexandrias trace the path of his armies’ advances through present-day Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Pakistan. Near the site of the battle of the river Hydapses—the costliest victory of his Indian campaign—Alexander founded the city of Bucephala, named for his favorite horse, which was mortally wounded in the battle.

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3. Two different eye colors

Alexander the Great had heterochromia iridum: one of his eyes was blue and the other was brown. Heterochromia iridum is not usually found in many human beings. It is caused by a shortage or excess of pigmentation in the iris of one of the eyes. This lack, or excess gives a different color in the affected eye. But what is even weirder with this condition is that it can also affect just one part of an eye. So an individual may appear to have part or half of the iris with a different color.

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4. His Married Life.

Alexander the Great married three times: Roxana, out of love; and the Persian princesses Stateira II and Parysatis II, for political reasons.When Alexander met his wife Roxanne, it was love at first sight. A few months after Alexander’s death, Roxanne gave birth to the couple’s only son, Alexander IV.

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5. Mysterious Death

By the time Alexander had turned 32, he had spent most of his previous 13 years in annexing much of the known world that he had traversed. After a long session of heavy drinking, he started to feel unwell and went to bed with a rising fever.His conditions only further deteriorated in the following days as the strong fever took hold of his body. Finally, on the 10th day, with no more will to even leave his bed, one of the most famous conquerors in human history died at such an early age. Of course, his premature death bought with it a number of conspiracies. Also it is said Alexander’s body was preserved in a vat of honey hat.

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Alexander the Great’s legacy lives to this day and holds a profound impact on modern day historians. Not only did he expand his empire to then furthest known point in Asia, he was also responsible in spreading the Greek culture to an incredibly vast part of the world. And not to forget, Alexander undoubtedly was one of the greatest tactician and military minds to have ever lived. It was his tricks and training that molded an already experienced army into a skilled killing machine. His battlefield tactics as a general remain a subject of research for the modern day counterparts at present.

Facts we all need to know about “Chanakya”

We all know that Chanakya was a teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. He is also identified as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta, who authored the ancient Indian political treatise, the Arthashastra.

But, here are some other facts we all need to know about the famous philospher, CHANAKYA !

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1. Extremely cunning and shrewd personality

Chanakya was blessed with extremely intelligence and great intellect. He could make plans in such a way that he had hundreds of back-ups of every situation. He could think way ahead as compared to a normal person. Apart from politics, Chanakya even acquired the knowledge of medicine and astronomy. He had a mastery on “Samudra Shastra” by which he could judge and analyze what a person is thinking by only looking at the facial expressions.

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2. Creation of an empire

Chanakya was the man who was responsible for creating the biggest empire of his time on the Indian subcontinent with the help of Chandragupta Maurya, who became the emperor when he was just 19 years old. The command of Chanakya on politics and philosophy helped him in making Chandragupta Maurya, one of the greatest Kings of India.

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3. Chanakya’s thoughts on women were awful and repulsive.

No matter how great Chankya was with his knowledge and leadership qualities but his thoughts about women are still being questioned!! His thoughts on women are highly condemned in today’s scenario. According to the great scholar Chankya “women could not be trusted or they have inherent tendencies of “low moral character and falsehood”.

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4. Legacy

“Arthashastra” is a serious manual on statecraft, on how to run a state, informed by a higher purpose, clear and precise in its prescriptions, the result of practical experience of running a state. It is not just a normative text but a realist description of the art of running a state. His views and lessons are still being used by the great leaders.

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5. Mystery around his death

Chanakya died in 283 BC. There are many versions of stories regarding the death of Chanakya. Some say that after his retirement he went to jungle and died there. Some say that he died because of the conspiracy of Subandhu, a minister of the Bindusara’s court.

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His thoughts on various subjects prove to be beneficial if adopted by people even today. A wise man, he had an opinion on various things in the world. His great lessons on life, money, pride etc. are still being remembered by the people. His writings, ” Kautilya Arthshastra and Chankya’s Niti Darpan” are still popular.Indeed he was the great and the most important person in the Indian History.